Bras. Political Sci. Rev.. 01/Jan/2015;9(1):93-114.

The 2014 Elections and the Brazilian Party System

Carlos Ranulfo Melo

DOI: 10.1590/1981-38212014000200004

The Brazilian party system presents a paradox. Although the Workers Party (PT) and the Brazilian Social Democratic Party (PSDB) have controlled presidential elections for the last 20 years, their force at the other levels of electoral competition has not grown. The objective of this study is to undertake a discussion of this situation through the 2014 general elections. After attempting to explain why successive challengers have not been able to change the structure of competition for the Brazilian presidency, I will analyze the relation established between the pattern observed at this level and the other “connected” electoral disputes—both those for state executive and federal legislative office. The general conclusion is that even if the pattern continues, it is quite improbable that this will significantly impact the other levels of national political party competition.

The 2014 Elections and the Brazilian Party System