Destined for War: Can America and China Escape Thucydides’s Trap?
(Allison, Graham. Destined for War: Can America and China Escape Thucydides’s Trap? New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2017) What is ‘Destined for War’s’ main argument? In sum, the impact of a rising China on the United States and the global order under American hegemony are leading these two nations toward an avoidable violent clash, which neither one wants, because they risk falling into what the author calls ‘Thucydides’s Trap’. […]
Can Hashtags Change Democracies?
Cass Sunstein has had a long and distinguished academic career in the field of behavioral economics, teaching at prestigious universities such as the University of Chicago and Harvard (the latter to this day). Alongside his career as a professor and researcher, it is also worth noting that between 2009 and 2012 Sunstein worked as administrator of the White House Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs during the Obama administration. Obama’s first presidential campaign is recognized worldwide as a turning point […]
Diplomacy as an Independent Variable
A few years ago, I was commissioned by a Dutch publisher to compose a short biography of Rubens Ricupero for an editorial project on former secretaries-general of international organizations (). This offered me the chance to interview this scholarly, polite, and sober character with an impressive career within both domestic and global bureaucracies. It is difficult not to be charmed by his personality. Therefore, like Homer’s Ulysses, I confess I had to tie myself to the mast so as not […]
The contemporary world order is under intense scrutiny from observers, specialists, and researchers of the subject. Since the 2000s, a period that witnessed the emergence of developing countries onto the international scene, we have been seeing a growing interest in the study of the relations between the traditional powers and rising powers, as well as their effects on the global system. Such an interest can be illustrated by the recent publishing of impactful work such as , , , and […]
Defense Cooperation: The South American Experience
One of the main challenges for theories of international relations and trade policy is the ‘security dilemma’. International security and national defense are central issues in the area of international relations; they have always been variables related to the anarchic nature of the international system, associated with the prevalence of distrust in the relationship among states. For this reason, the classic academic debate between the neorealists’ and the neo-institutionalists’ contrasting views has basically revolved around the quest to overcome instability, […]
Brazil on the Global Stage
Edited by Oliver Stuenkel and Matthew M. Taylor, ‘Brazil on the Global Stage’ brings together the reflections of researchers from Brazilian and American institutions about Brazil’s engagement with the current liberal order. In the book, the liberal global order is defined by “open markets, international institutions, cooperative security, democratic community, collective problem solving, shared sovereignty over some issues, and the rule of law” (STUENKEL and TAYLOR, 2015, p. 06), all of which follows the common understanding of liberal internationalists such […]
Representatives of whom?
In the midst of one of the worst political crises in Brazilian history, UFRJ Professor Jairo Nicolau’s book, “Representantes de quem?: os (des)caminhos do seu voto da urna à Câmara dos Deputados” (Representatives of whom? The (un-)path of your vote at the polls to the Chamber of Deputies) comes at a timely moment. Written in accessible language and free of excessive jargon, the book seeks to show how our electoral system functions to a broader public, beyond the walls of […]
Public policies in contemporary contexts: national and international Tendencies*
Organizing an edited volume is an intellectual endeavor that, when well-executed, results in a rich collection of perspectives, interpretations and contributions about a given subject, offering the reader valuable material for broadening their knowledge. This is the case for ‘Gestão e Políticas Públicas no Cenário Contemporâneo’ (Management and Public Policies in a Contemporary Context), organized by Telma Menicucci and José Geraldo Gontijo. It brings together articles by specialists and researchers from different teaching and research institutions in Brazil and abroad […]
Diffusion of Policies, Practices and Social Technologies in Brazil
It is a welcoming introduction to the Brazilian academic community the arrival of the book ‘Public Policy Diffusion’, edited by Professors Faria, Coêlho and Jard da Silva. As it is stated in the opening pages of the book, the use of diffusion models is very incipient in Brazil in comparison to the level of knowledge accumulation in the international literature, especially in the USA. In this sense, it is an admirable effort to gather together ten chapters not only discussing […]
The Trade Policy of Emerging Countries
As the World Trade Organization (WTO) and its predecessor, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) has stimulated the access to new markets and enhanced the basis of non-discrimination and reciprocity in trade policies, it is easy to consider that this new economic and commercial order has been beneficial to emerging powers. These countries were able to expand their domestic productions and compete on more equal terms with developed countries. In her book, “The Trade Policy of Emerging Countries: […]
The Neo-Gramscian School to International Political Economy, Passive Revolution and Globalization
“Hegemonia, revolução passiva e globalização: o sistema G7/8”, a book by Leonardo Ramos published in 2013 by Editora PUC Minas, outbreaks a central issue of the contemporary international system and, consequently, of International Relations as an independent field of study: the relationship between hierarchy, order and change. In fact, several traditions of the political and economic thought removed the inequality of power and conditions among social actors as well as external constraints from the analysis of the international scenario. For […]
Bureaucracy and Policy Implementation
The enactment of the 1988 Constitution aroused pessimistic interpretations regarding the chances of fulfilling its promises. Some considered that the institutions established or re-established by the constitution would make the country ungovernable. Furthermore, they also argued (and still argue) that the list of constitutionalized social policies did not fit into the government budget. Others, however, faced the challenge of designing a complex institutional architecture capable of putting into practice some of the constitutionalized social rights. The most challenging task was […]